Platinum Group Elements: Supply and Demand - MIT

Platinum group elements (PGEs) face a very different problem than that of other strategic metals. Despite the fact that the Bushveld Complex mine in South Africa has the resources to supply world demands for platinum for the next century, miners' strikes complicate the economic stability of PGEs.

Platinum-Group Metals—World Supply and Demand

Platinum-Group Metals—World Supply and Demand By David R. Wilburn and Donald I. Bleiwas U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2004-1224 U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey

Seven unexpected uses of Platinum Group Metals (PGMs ...

But there's so much more to platinum group metals than this. That's why, in this blog, we take a look at the applications of PGMs that aren't as common as you might expect. 1. Treating cancer. In certain chemical forms, platinum has the ability to slow or stop the division of living cells.

Platinum group - Wikipedia

The platinum-group metals (abbreviated as the PGMs; alternatively, the platinoids, platinides, platidises, platinum group, platinum metals, platinum family or platinum-group elements (PGEs)) are six noble, precious metallic elements clustered together in the periodic table.These elements are all transition metals in the d-block (groups 8, 9, and 10, periods 5, 6 and 7).

It's Elemental - The Element Platinum

Platinum is also used as a catalyst in the production of sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4) and in the cracking of petroleum products. Fuel cells, devices that combine hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity and water, also use platinum as a catalyst. Estimated Crustal Abundance: 5×10-3 milligrams per kilogram. Estimated Oceanic Abundance: Not Applicable

Platinum Group Metals - Home

Platinum Group Metals Ltd. is a mining company focused on the production of platinum and palladium. Our projects are located in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa, surrounded by 70% of the world's platinum production.

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Separating the Platinum Group Metals by Liquid-Liquid ...

platinum group metals, but this is inefficient as far as the degree of separation is concerned. An improved process which makes use of liquid-liquid extraction has been developed to a pilot plant stage, and this paper highlights some of the chemical and process …

Platinum Group Metals – New Age Metals Inc.

Platinum group metals (PGMs) are rare precious metals with unique physical properties that are used in diverse industrial applications. Palladium, like gold, silver and platinum, is a precious metal, as well as one of the six PGMs, which also include platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium.

Applications - PMM

Applications Applications. The platinum group metals are used in a wide variety of industries. This section describes many of the major uses of platinum group metals and their unique properties. Autocatalyst. A pollution control device fitted to cars and trucks, the catalytic converter (autocatalyst) is the largest application of platinum group ...

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Platinum group metals (PGM); occurrence, use and recent ...

Download Citation on ResearchGate | Platinum group metals (PGM); occurrence, use and recent trends in their determination | Details of the occurrence of the platinum group metals (PGM) in the ...

Platinum group metals use in the world auto industry ...

Get this from a library! Platinum group metals use in the world auto industry : effects of tougher tailpipe emission standards. [Marc Humphries; Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.]

How to use platinum group in a sentence - wordhippo.com

The anomalous platinum group element geochemistry of the ejecta horizon suggests that the impactor was an asteroid.: Its focus is on gold but its portfolio also includes projects with potential for platinum group metals, copper, silver and base metals.: Rhodium can be classified as a transition metal, a member of the platinum group of metals, and as a precious metal.

Platinum group | chemical element group | Britannica.com

Platinum group: Platinum group, six metals, in order of increasing atomic weight, ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), and platinum (Pt). The elements all possess a silvery white colour—except osmium, which is bluish white. The chemical behaviour of these metals is …

USGS Minerals Information: Platinum-Group Metals

They regarded platinum as an unwanted impurity in the silver they were mining. The catalytic properties of the six platinum group metals (PGM)– iridium, osmium, palladium, platinum, rhodium, and ruthenium – are outstanding. Platinum's wear and tarnish resistance …

The uses of platinum-group metals - Mining Weekly

Platinum group metals (PGMs) consist of six elements–platinum, palladium,rhodium, iridium, ruthenium andosmium. PGMs are generally used in applications which dependstrongly on their unique ...

What are Platinum Group Metals (PGMs)? - The Balance

Dec 10, 2018· The platinum group metals (PGMs) are six transitional metal elements that are chemically, physically, and anatomically similar. The PGMs are the densest known metal elements. Exceptionally rare, the six metals naturally occur in the same ore bodies. They are highly durable and, due to their high value, often recycled, giving them long life cycles.

Platinum - Periodic Table of Elements and Chemistry

Platinum is a precious metal; soft, silvery-white, and dense with a beautiful lustrous sheen. It is one of the of the six platinum group metals consisting of platinum, palladium, rhodium, osmium, iridium and ruthenium. The Platinum Group Metals These metals have similar properties and are often present in the same mineral ores.

RECOVERY AND REFINING WITH JUST NITRIC ACID SUBSTITUTE

how can you refine with just nitric acid? the answer is simple, nitric acid or our nitric substitute acid will desolve all metals except for gold. some platinum group metals (platinum,rhodium,etc) may not desolve. this is not an issue because if you sort your materials properly you will not have any platinum group metals in the mix.

Platinum group metals (PGM); occurrence, use and recent ...

Details of the occurrence of the platinum group metals (PGM) in the Earth's crust and the composition of the principal minerals are presented along with data on supply and demand of PGM in different fields. Trace level determination of the PGM requires preconcentration. Methods such as fire assay, chlorination, ion exchange, etc., are dealt with.

The Properties and Applications of Platinum

An alloy of the platinum group metals (PGMs), which includes platinum, was used to decorate the Casket of Thebes, an Egyptian tomb that dates back to about 700BC. This is the earliest known use of platinum, although pre-Columbian South Americans also made ornaments from gold and platinum …

Platinum Jewelry: What are PGM and Platinum Marks?

Aug 17, 2017· for 550 parts pure platinum, 350 parts palladium and 50 parts iridum; The FTC is currently considering a request to allow manufacturers to mark jewelry as platinum even if it contains metals that are not part of the platinum group. The Platinum Group of Metals. Acceptable alloys that are used with platinum are grouped together.

Platinum - Wikipedia

Platinum is a chemical element with symbol Pt and atomic number 78. It is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, silverish-white transition metal. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platino, meaning "little silver". Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements.

Platinum - Element information, properties and uses ...

Platinum group metals are also components of many autocatalysts, converting car exhaust gases in to less harmful substance. And our fascination with platinum as a rare and robust metal continues. The term 'platinum blond' came about in the 1930's when actresses with platinum jewellery were the stars of newly invented talking pictures.

Platinum - Wikipedia

Platinum is an extremely rare metal, occurring at a concentration of only 0.005 ppm in Earth's crust. It is sometimes mistaken for silver. Platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum and as alloy with the other platinum-group metals and iron mostly.