What is Bismuth. Bismuth (pronounced as BIZ-meth) is a brittle metal, existing in several allotrope forms, and denoted by the chemical symbol Bi. It belongs to the nitrogen family having 33 isotopes with mass numbers ranging from 185 to 217 of which only Bi-209 is natural and stable one with a half-life of 1.9×10 9 years .
The Nitrogen Family . Group 15 (VA) contains nitrogen, phosphorous, arsenic, antimony, and bismuth.Elements in Group 15 have five valence electrons. Because the elements can either gain three electrons or lose five to gain a stable configuration, they more often form covalent compounds unless bonded to an active metal.
The element nitrogen belongs to the nitrogen family, which is situated in the p-block in group 15 on the periodic table of elements. The elements arsenic, bismuth, antimony and phosphorus also belong to the same group because they share the same electron configuration and follow the general periodic trends.
Boiling points of the elements increases down the group mainly because the mass increases. Melting point on the other hand depends on the energy required to overcome the inter-molecular interactions and break the vanderwall forces between the molecules.At the top of the group we have Nitrogen which deadly forms covalent bonds and the molecule is N2.
Nitrogen Family. Group – 15 Elements – The Nitrogen Family: The group 15 (VA) elements are phosphorus, nitrogen, arsenic, antimony and bismuth. 1) Nitrogen is a gas. It made up 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. 2) Phosphorus is the most plentiful element of 15th group, accounting for 0.10% of the mass of earth's crust.
The NITROGEN Family. Nitrogen. Arsenic. Bismuth. Antimony. Arsenic is an element that has several uses. It can be used as a poison, a medicine, pyrotechnics, and bronzing. Phosphorus. Phosphorus is used on the strike side of matchboxes that is rubbed to make a flame. It is also used in flares and the production of steels and fertilizers.
Slide 2: Nitrogen Family Group 15 of the periodic table Five electrons in their outermost energy level. Group divided into nonmetals, semimetals, and metals by characteristic Formed by: Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Arsenic, Antimony and Bismuth They are strikingly different from each other in both physical properties and chemical behavior Tend to gain 3 electrons
A pnictogen / ˈ n ɪ k t ə dʒ ə n / is one of the chemical elements in group 15 of the periodic table. This group is also known as the nitrogen family. It consists of the elements nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), arsenic (As), antimony (Sb), bismuth (Bi), and perhaps the chemically uncharacterized synthetic element moscovium (Mc).
The Nitrogen family is highly reactive, some more than others. However, Nitrogen is less reactive than Phosphorus. Nitrogen is more on the non-reactive side, while Phosphorus is one of the more reactive elements in this family. Chemical Reactivity Objective: Learn about group 15 of the Periodic table.
Bismuth was recognized as a metal by early observers, including George Agricola in the 16th century but bismuth was confused with tin and lead. It was not until 1753 that Claude Geoffroy the Younger showed it to be distinct from lead. G e n e r a l P r o p e r t i e s Bismuth is the heaviest non-radioactive naturally occurring element.
Bismuth is one of the elements often confused with other elements. Old manuscripts show that bismuth was often confused with lead, tin, antimony, or even silver. SYMBOL Bi. ATOMIC NUMBER 83. ATOMIC MASS 208.9804. FAMILY Group 15 (VA) Nitrogen. PRONUNCIATION BIZ-muth. Bismuth was used in early alloys. An alloy is made by melting and mixing two ...